I Am

Chapter 16: The Ten Commandments




   The Ten Commandments or the tablets of the law are the laws that God gave to the people of Israel through Moses after leading them out of Egypt. In essence, they are a summary of the hundreds of laws found in the Old Testament law and are recorded in and

   In the original language, the Ten Commandments are called the “Decalogue” or “Ten Words”. These ten words were spoken by God, the law giver and not the result of human lawmaking. They were written on two tablets of stone.

   Through the Ten Commandments, God offered basic rules of behavior for spiritual and moral living.

   The Ten Commandments are essentially a summary of the 613 commandments contained in the Old Testament law.

   The first four commandments deal with our relationship with God. The last six commandments deal with our relationship with one another.

   Shortly after God brought the people of Israel out of Egypt, they traveled through the desert of Sinai where they camped in front of Mount Sinai. Mount Sinai is a very significant place. There, God met with and spoke with Moses, telling him why He had rescued Israel from Egypt. For God had chosen these people to be made into a Holy nation of priests for God; His treasured possession.

   One day God called Moses to the top of the mountain and He gave him the first part of His new system of laws for His people—The Ten Commandments. God called Moses to the mountain for 40 days and 40 nights. During this time, He gave him instructions for the “Tabernacle” and the offering. When God finished speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai, He gave him two tablets of stone inscribed by the very finger of God. They contained the Ten Commandments.

   When Moses came down from the mountain with the tablets of stone, his anger burned when he saw the people given over to idolatry. He threw down the two tablets, smashing them to pieces at the foot of the mountain.

   Then Moses destroyed the golden calf, burning it in the fire.

   Later, God instructed Moses to chisel two new stone tablets, just like the ones He had written with His own finger.

   Below you will find more on the meaning of each commandment in brief summary. (Exodus 20:2-17).



This command is against worshipping any God other than the one true God. All other Gods are false Gods.


“Not in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You should not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.” This command is against making an idol a visible representation of God. There is no image we can create that can accurately portray God. To make an idol to represent God is to worship a false God.


“For the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses His name.” This is a command against taking the name of the Lord in vain. We are not to treat God’s name lightly. We are to show reverence to God by only mentioning Him in respectful and honoring ways.


“Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God. On it, you shall not do work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but He rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.” This is a command to set aside the Sabbath (Saturday, the last day of the week) as a day of rest dedicated to the Lord.


“So that you may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you.” This is a command to always treat one’s parents with honor and respect.


This is a command against premeditated murder of another human being.


This is a command against having sexual relations with anyone other than one’s spouse.


This is a command against taking anything that is not one’s own, without the permission of the person to whom it belongs.


This is a command prohibiting testifying against another person falsely. It is essentially a command against lying.

(10) “YOU SHALL NOT COVET” your neighbor’s house.

You should not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or his maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor. This is a command against desiring anything that is not one’s own.


   Many people mistakenly look at the Ten Commandments as a set of rules that, if followed, will guarantee entrance into Heaven after death. The purpose of the Ten Commandments is to force people to realize that they cannot perfectly obey the law The Ten Commandments demonstrate that we all have sinned and are therefore in need of God’s mercy and grace, available only through faith in Jesus Christ.

   Now comes the big question?


Are the Ten Commandments still relevant today?


   The Ten Commandments are relevant today because just like the people then, we too are under obligation to love God with all our heart, mind, soul and strength, and to love our neighbors as ourselves.

   While the Ten Commandments is under the administration of the law of Moses a few thousand years ago, it is no longer in force as it was originally given to a specific people at a specific time. Everyone is still obliged to obey the underlying essence of the moral law.

   In Biblical times, the laws of Moses regulated almost every aspect of Jewish life of ancient Israel. (Matthew Jesus said, “Think not that I have come to destroy the law”. Jesus did not abolish the moral or ethical laws that had been in effect from the time of Moses. He affirmed and expanded upon these principles. He taught that obedience must be from the heart (attitudes and intentions) rather than just technical observance of the letter of the law 5:21-22, 27-28,

   In in 49 A.D., Peter said, with the guidance of the Holy Spirit, that nothing was required of the Gentile converts except “Faith in Christ”, that they were not bound by the laws of Moses. However, God has not revoked His original covenant with Israel and the Jewish people 1;72, Acts 3:25, Romans 9:45,

   We as christians still look to the Old Testament and the Ten Commandments for moral and spiritual guidance. Timothy

   If you keep the Ten Commandments, you are keeping the “Two Great Commandments” and the “Two Great Commandments summarize the Ten Commandments.”

   As we have clearly seen, the Ten Commandments were kept by Christ, His Apostles, His Disciples—both Jews and Gentiles and are to be kept by christians today. We all must repent. Turn to God and keep his commandments that He may heal you and you may have eternal life in His kingdom.



Places in New Testament where Ten Commandments are listed:


1. Matthew 4:10/Luke 4:8

2. Acts 5:20

3. Matthew 6:9/Luke 11:2/ I Timothy 6:1

4. Matthew 12:12

5. Matthew 15:3/Mark 7:10/Mark 10:19

6. Mark 10:19/Romans 13:9

7. Matthew 19:18/Mark 10:19

8. Matthew 19:18/Romans 13:9

9. Matthew 19:18/Romans 13:9

10. Romans 13:19


The Two Great Commandments:

   John 13:34

   Matthew 5:17-18